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Parsing JSON files with PowerShell on Azure VM’s using ConvertFrom-JSON

The Outdated Newtonsoft.JsonDLL Conspiracy

The Outdated Newtonsoft.Json.DLL Conspiracy

From our special agent Json Bourne: notes from the field.

Make sure you are reading a raw string: i.e. (Get-Content JsonFile.JSON -raw) | ConvertFrom-Json

PowerShell seems to use an outdated Newtonsoft.Json.DLL file which doesn’t fully support comments

Make sure there are no comments in the .JSON file – if there are any you may need to manually edit them out to get ConvertFrom-Json to behave

The two versions being used on Azure VM’s seem to be 5.0.8.16617 (October/2013) and 6.0.3.17227 (February/2014).

Support for comments in JSON files in Newtonsoft.Json.DLL was first added in version 5.03 from 2014/11 (support for single line comments) and expanded on in later versions (6.07+)

The latest version of Newtonsoft.Json.DLL is 10.0.2 (as of April/2017)

Newtonsoft.JSON.DLL

Newtonsoft.JSON on Github

If you put a comment into a Json file and try to run ConvertFrom-JSON in PowerShell on it you will get the following error message:

ConvertFrom-Json : Invalid object passed in, ‘:’ or ‘}’ expected. (1): {
At line:1 char:28
+ Get-Content .\config.JSON |ConvertFrom-Json -Verbose
+                            ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [ConvertFrom-Json], ArgumentException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.ArgumentException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ConvertFromJsonCommand

 

An Introduction to JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) in JavaScript and .NET (February 2007)

http://www.newtonsoft.com/json

https://github.com/JamesNK/Newtonsoft.Json

https://github.com/JamesNK/Newtonsoft.Json/releases

http://www.nuget.org/packages/Newtonsoft.Json/6.0.1

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How to administer AzureAD, O365 and Skype for Business using PowerShell and Multi-Factor Authentication

Azure Active DirectoryPreviously, support for MFA in O365/AzureAD/Skype/Sharepoint was limited to Office applications that supported it and browser-based administration of O365/Azure.

This changes with version 1.1 of the Azure AD PowerShell module released earlier this month which provides support for MFA.

 

The steps to enable it are as follows:

  1. Enable MFA on the various tenants ()
  2. Download the latest AzureAD PowerShell modules that provide support for MFA (v 1.1 released 15. August 2016)
  3. Make sure you have the correct mobile phone number, alternate email and/or authenticator app installed (you typically want to have more than one MFA option available)
  4. Enable MFA on the user you want to protect with MFA
  5. Instruct the user to go to https://account.activedirectory.windowsazure.com/profile/ to verify their MFA settings (and SSPR if applicable)

Note: There are still some aspects in the Windows OS that are still not really aware of MFA, particulartly the Domain Join functionality.  If have enabled MFA on the account you’re using for the domain join operation and you receive an erroneous “Incorrect Password” error (i.e. code 0x52e in the NetSetup.log debug log)  during a domain join (and assuming you are actually typing in the correct password) then you may need to revert back to using a separate non-MFA account – at least for the domain join operation.

Default MFA settings:

The Office 365 tenant/resource host (Exchange Online, SharePoint Online and Skype for Business Online) will need to be configured to accept a modern authentication connection.
Here is the per service state of modern authentication by default :

  • Exchange Online – OFF by default.
  • SharePoint Online – ON by default.
  • Skype for Business Online – OFF by default.

Once you have MFA enabled and the new version of the AAD PS module installed you should be able to go through the additional MFA verification steps after logon:MFA

Details:

Azure Active Directory PowerShell with Modern Authentication
http://connect.microsoft.com/site1164/content/content.aspx?ContentID=32016

Download Details: Azure Active Directory Connection
http://connect.microsoft.com/site1164/Downloads/DownloadDetails.aspx?DownloadID=59185

Azure AD PowerShell: Public Preview of support for Azure MFA + new Device Management Commands

Azure AD PowerShell: Public Preview of support for Azure MFA + new Device Management Commands

How to install and configure Azure PowerShell
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/powershell-install-configure/

Skype for Business Online: Enable your tenant for modern authentication
http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/34339.skype-for-business-online-enable-your-tenant-for-modern-authentication.aspx

Exchange Online: How to enable your tenant for modern authentication
http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/32711.exchange-online-how-to-enable-your-tenant-for-modern-authentication.aspx

The sign in experience with Azure Multi-Factor Authentication
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/multi-factor-authentication-end-user-signin/

Remote Desktop Gateway and Azure Multi-Factor Authentication Server using RADIUS
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/multi-factor-authentication-get-started-server-rdg/

What are App Passwords in Azure Multi-Factor Authentication?
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/multi-factor-authentication-end-user-app-passwords/

 

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Predicting the future with Powershell and Mathemagic

Have you ever had the pleasure of being awoken in the middle of the night by a low disk space alert on one of your business-critical LOB systems?

Did you ever wish for a more proactive method for catching this than waiting for the yellow/red alerts to go “ping!”?

I know I did, so I sat down and played math for a couple of hours and then applied the result using Powershell and a scheduled task.  The result is a configurable script that sends you an email alert when the sustained disk consumption on the system is estimated to consume all freespace on one of the disks within the set amount of time you specify (by default 30 Days).

Download ChkBurn 0.8 – modify all references to Contoso to fit your domain.

Sample output:

ChkBurn

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Powershell parsing of archived event logs

Problem:

You want to find specific events from multiple archived event logs.

I wonder why he put a gorilla picture in here?

I wonder why he put a gorilla picture in here?

Solution:

EventScrape.ps1 – uses Powershell Get-WinEvent to parse offline event logs and sort them into chronological order.

[array]$TotalSearch=””
# *App* is targeting archived Application logs – change to suit your needs
Get-ChildItem -include *App*.evt,*App*.evtx -Path E:\EventLogs\Winevt\logs\ -recurse |

ForEach-Object {“Parsing $($_.fullname)`r`n”

Try {

$TotalSearch+=Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{

Path=$_.fullname
Id=15004;
#StartTime=”1/14/2011″ ; #in case you want to limit the search to a certain time range
#EndTime=”1/15/2016″
} -EA Stop
$TotalSearch+=Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{

Path=$_.fullname
Id=15005;
#StartTime=”1/14/2011″ ; #in case you want to limit the search to a certain time range
#EndTime=”1/15/2016″
} -EA Stop

} Catch [System.Exception] {“Done”}}

$TotalSearch| sort-object TimeCreated|fl|out-file “BackPressure.txt”
$searchCSV=$TotalSearch| sort-object TimeCreated|convertto-csv -useculture
$searchCSV|out-file “SearchCSV.csv”

gc .\BackPressure.txt |select-string “resource pressure” -context 5,7 |out-file Presures.txt
invoke-item .\Presures.txt

 

Details:

Use PowerShell to Parse Saved Event Logs for Errors
http://blogs.technet.com/b/heyscriptingguy/archive/2011/01/25/use-powershell-to-parse-saved-event-logs-for-errors.aspx